What is Persian Ice Cream? Ingredients, Recipes, and Where to Find It

When you think of ice cream, you probably imagine a scoop of vanilla or chocolate. But have you ever heard of Persian ice cream? This delightful treat, known as “bastani sonnati,” offers a unique blend of flavors and textures that set it apart from the usual frozen desserts.

Key Takeaways

  • Unique Ingredients and Flavors: Persian ice cream, also known as “bastani sonnati,” is distinguished by key ingredients like saffron, rose water, pistachios, and clotted cream, offering a unique blend of flavors and textures.
  • Cultural Significance: This traditional dessert dates back to the Persian Empire and is significant in Persian culture, often enjoyed during celebrations like Nowruz and weddings.
  • Texture Differences: Unlike Western ice cream, Persian ice cream is hand-churned and includes mastic and frozen clotted cream, resulting in a denser, chewier texture.
  • Variety of Offerings: Popular varieties include Bastani Sonnati and Faloodeh, each offering distinctive flavors and textures that set them apart from conventional ice creams.
  • Availability and Preparation: While finding Persian ice cream abroad can be challenging, it can be sourced in ethnic markets or prepared at home using authentic ingredients and traditional methods.

What Is Persian Ice Cream?

Defining Persian Ice Cream

Persian ice cream, called “bastani sonnati” in Farsi, is a traditional dessert known for its rich flavors and unique textures. It’s made with ingredients like saffron, rose water, and pistachios that provide a distinctive taste not found in standard ice creams.

Unlike creamy Western ice creams, bastani sonnati often includes chunks of frozen clotted cream, adding a pleasant, chewy texture. The standout yellow color comes from saffron, a prized spice in Persian cuisine, and the aroma from rose water enhances the sensory experience.

Origins and Cultural Significance

Bastani sonnati dates back to the Persian Empire, where it was served in royal courts and during special occasions. Historical records indicate that ancient Persians used ice combined with flavors such as honey and fruits to create early forms of frozen desserts.

Today, bastani sonnati remains a significant part of Persian culture. It’s often enjoyed during Nowruz, the Persian New Year, and at weddings and other celebrations. The preparation methods and recipes are passed down through generations, preserving its traditional aspects while allowing for regional variations.

Key Ingredients and Flavors

Saffron: The Golden Spice

Saffron stands out as a key ingredient in Persian ice cream. This vibrant spice imparts a distinct golden hue and a rich, aromatic flavor that sets bastani sonnati apart. Harvested from the crocus flower, saffron strands are prized and expensive. Only a few strands are enough to deliver its unique taste and color.

Rose Water: A Fragrant Essential

Rose water contributes its delicate floral essence to Persian ice cream. Extracted from rose petals, this ingredient infuses bastani sonnati with a sweet and refreshing aroma. It’s essential for achieving the traditional flavor profile that makes this ice cream variety so beloved.

  • Pistachios: Offer a crunchy texture and nutty flavor.
  • Chunks of Frozen Clotted Cream: Add a chewy texture, enhancing the ice cream’s richness.
  • Cardamom: Introduces a spiced, slightly citrusy note.
  • Vanilla: Complements the primary flavors, ensuring a balanced taste.

Each ingredient plays a crucial role in creating the complex and delightful experience of Persian ice cream.

How Persian Ice Cream Differs from Western Ice Cream

Texture and Preparation Differences

Persian ice cream, known as “bastani sonnati,” has a distinct texture. It’s traditionally hand-churned, resulting in a denser consistency compared to Western counterparts. This method prevents the formation of large ice crystals, giving a smoother mouthfeel. Additionally, the inclusion of frozen clotted cream (called “saloop”) adds chewiness, which Western ice creams typically lack.

The preparation process also highlights another key difference. Persian ice cream often incorporates mastic, a resin that enhances chewiness and helps maintain a firmer texture. Standard Western ice cream, on the other hand, generally relies on air incorporation for a lighter, fluffier consistency. These textual differences are a direct result of distinct preparation techniques and ingredient choices.

Flavor Profiles and Ingredients

The flavor profiles of Persian ice cream differ significantly from Western variations. Saffron, the world’s most expensive spice, delivers a rich, aromatic experience and imparts a golden hue. Rose water adds a sweet, floral touch, creating a unique and exotic flavor.

Ingredients like cardamom and frozen clotted cream introduce spiced and chewy elements respectively, contrasting sharply with common Western flavors such as chocolate and strawberry. Persian ice cream also includes chopped pistachios for an extra crunch, while Western ice creams often use mix-ins like cookie dough or caramel swirls. Furthermore, the use of herbal notes and spices distinctively sets Persian ice cream apart, offering a complex, multi-layered taste profile that Western versions generally don’t provide.

Overall, these differences in texture and flavor profiles highlight the unique characteristics of Persian ice cream, making it a standout in the world of frozen desserts.

Popular Persian Ice Cream Varieties

Bastani Sonnati – The Traditional Choice

Bastani Sonnati stands as the quintessential Persian ice cream. This traditional variety incorporates saffron, rose water, pistachios, and chunks of frozen clotted cream. Saffron imparts a golden hue and floral aroma, while rose water lends a delicate perfume. Pistachio pieces provide a nutty contrast, and the frozen clotted cream offers a rich texture. The addition of cardamom enhances the ice cream with a warm, spicy note. Hand-churned to achieve dense consistency, Bastani Sonnati often includes mastic, a resin that adds chewiness.

Faloodeh – A Unique Frozen Treat

Faloodeh, another beloved Persian variety, differs significantly from Bastani Sonnati. Made from thin vermicelli noodles set in a semifrozen matrix of syrup and floral elements, it’s a unique dessert. The syrup, typically infused with rose water and lime juice, imparts sweetness and tanginess. The chewy noodles, made from cornstarch, create an interesting texture. Popular toppings include ground pistachios and sour cherry syrup, adding extra flavor dimensions. The combination of icy, noodle-like consistency and fragrant aroma sets Faloodeh apart from conventional ice creams.

Where to Find and How to Make Persian Ice Cream

Finding Persian Ice Cream Abroad

Finding authentic Persian ice cream abroad can be challenging, but several options exist. In cities with a significant Persian community like Los Angeles, Toronto, and London, Persian markets and specialty stores often carry bastani sonnati. I also recommend looking for Middle Eastern grocery stores that stock imported products. Online shopping has made it easier to find Persian ice cream, with several e-commerce sites offering international shipping.

Ice cream parlors, especially in multicultural cities, sometimes feature Persian flavors. Checking online directories and food review sites like Yelp can help locate them. Events and festivals celebrating Persian culture are excellent opportunities to taste authentic Persian ice cream, as vendors often serve traditional foods.

Homemade Persian Ice Cream Recipes

Homemade Persian ice cream offers the advantage of customization and freshness. Essential ingredients include saffron, rose water, pistachios, clotted cream, and mastic. A basic recipe starts with infusing saffron in warm milk, then combining it with a mixture of heavy cream, sugar, and rose water. The mixture is then chilled.

Hand-churning the mixture ensures the dense consistency and chewy texture that defines Persian ice cream. Adding pieces of frozen clotted cream and chopped pistachios enhances the richness and flavor. Available ice cream makers can simplify the process without sacrificing authenticity.

An alternative includes a no-churn method. Mixing sweetened condensed milk with whipped cream, then folding in saffron, rose water, pistachios, and frozen clotted cream, provides a quicker option. Freezing the mixture overnight yields a similar texture.

For those preferring Faloodeh, the essential noodles require cornstarch. Cooking them in a mixture of sugar syrup and rose water chilled in a freezer for a slushy consistency achieves the desired result. Topping with ground pistachios or sour cherry syrup completes the experience.


Persian ice cream offers a unique and delightful experience that stands out from its Western counterparts. Its rich flavors of saffron, rose water, and cardamom combined with the creamy texture make it a treat worth seeking out. Whether you find it in a local Persian market or decide to make it yourself at home, the experience is sure to be memorable. Don’t forget to try Faloodeh for another taste of Persian dessert culture. Embrace the flavors and enjoy the journey into the world of Persian ice cream.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main ingredients in Persian ice cream?

Persian ice cream, or “bastani sonnati,” commonly includes saffron, rose water, pistachios, frozen clotted cream, cardamom, vanilla, and mastic. These ingredients create its unique flavor and texture.

How does Persian ice cream differ from Western varieties?

Persian ice cream has unique flavor profiles due to ingredients like saffron, rose water, and mastic. It also features a chewy texture, often achieved through hand-churning, which is different from the smoother texture of Western ice creams.

Where can I buy Persian ice cream abroad?

You can find Persian ice cream at Persian markets, Middle Eastern grocery stores, online shops, multicultural ice cream parlors, and cultural events.

Can I make Persian ice cream at home?

Yes, you can make Persian ice cream at home using traditional methods that involve saffron, rose water, pistachios, clotted cream, and mastic. There are also alternative no-churn options available.

What is Faloodeh?

Faloodeh is a traditional Persian frozen treat made with vermicelli noodles, sugar syrup, and rose water. It is typically topped with pistachios and sour cherry syrup for added flavor.